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NameScience Materials
DescriptionMedium term plan
File 1206_SCIENCE - Materials Autumn MTP.doc
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The BlessedSacrament Primary School SCIENCE -Materials MTP - Mrs Holliday YEAR 6

Vocabulary Burn,combust, carbon, ash, soot, reversible, irreversible, change,products, dissolved, undissolved, solution,mixture, evaporate, condense, pure, bar line graph, line graph,average, accurate, solution, chemical, physical process,melt,


Assessment Sc1Assessment Indictors:

L3- Can explain howthe planned test is fair.

L4- Can plan a fairtest identifying what to change, measure and keep thesame.

L5 - Can plan a fairtest independently, identifying the relevant variables and whichwill be changed/keep the same and what will be measured.

See end ofpage









To revise the conceptof a mixture and ways of separating materials frommixtures

To know that somematerials dissolve in water

To know that solidsdo not dissolve in a liquid can be separated byfiltering

Start off with MADONNA Material Girl


StarterActivity Chn findout about the uses of a variety of materials [for example, glass,wood, wool]and how these are chosen for specific uses on the basisof their simple properties


Pose thechallenge questions on the board -Chn are given: flour/currants, gravel/sand, sand/water fine/course sieve challenged to separate the mixtures. Furtherchallenge the chn to separate the sand and water show the chn thefilter paper under a microscope. Question chn about whether sanddissolves in water; is it soluble? How would we use the filterpaper to separate? (revise the vocab which AFL has shown isweak)



flour/currants,gravel/sand, sand/water fine/course sieve



To know that adissolved solid can be separated from a liquid byevaporation

Pretend to pour saltinto water instead of sugar for a drink! Ask the chn where the salthas gone- is the salt soluble or insoluble? Can the salt particlesbe seen? Volunteer to taste the water to confirm the salt stillremains. Can the salt be filtered out? demonstrate this withfurther tasting. Why did the salt pass through the filter? Discussshowing cartoon simulation on IWB.



To independentlyinvestigate how to separate gravel, sand and salt

Remind the chn aboutthe experiment that they have been carrying out all day puddle inthe playground. Look at the pics that the chn have taken on IWB.Has the perimeter of the puddle changed? Why has the puddledisappeared? When would it most likely disappear? Discuss waterturning into a gas.

Cup, salt/sugar(labelled jar), straws


Gravel /sand/salt


Chnto use a clean straw to place solution on tongue-permission byJB/AO for tasting

Cartoonsimulation website



To investigate theconditions that are importantfor evaporation to occur TEACHER

Lower attainers &SEN

To investigate theconditions that are importantfor evaporation to occur diagram of experiment/word bankTA



To know that when agas is cooled it becomes a liquid and this process is calledcondensing

StarterRecap Show chn washing line in class with washing link to Testbase question about drying washing using evaporation

Discussthe processes from going from solid to liquid etc.

Set themagic challenge to get the water from the spoon into the jugwithout pouring it in! Demonstrateto the chn the condensing experiment (heating a solution causingevaporation and then condensation) where else have chn seen watercollect like this in real life? Extend the original flow chart forchange of state (include processes)


Chn record theexperiment and use accurate scientific vocabulary to explain theresults

Ext see extensionquestions

Test base questionsin style of a quiz



Salt water

Cold plate





Chn record theexperiment and use scientific vocabulary to explain the results diagram frame/vocabulary


Lower attainers &SEN

Chn complete thediagram of the experiment and explain the results of the experimentusing a cloze pro



To know howtemperature effects the speed of dissolving

To know how stirringaffects the rate of dissolving

To carry out aninvestigation: make a prediction; choose apparatus; make carefulobservations and measurements; record results in an appropriatemanner; know that repeating the measurements improves thereliability of results; make comparisons and drawconclusions

Mr Kilgallon tochallenge Mrs Holliday to a race to see who can make the sugar intea (water) dissolves the quickest.

Discuss the chnspredictions and ask them to design one way to test this in theirgroups

Discuss planning theexperiment (apparatus, measuring , fair testing, how to make theresults more reliable); predicting

Repeatthe test for each temperature twice

Duringpractical experiment, chn are placed in mixed ability pairs Twogroups in each experiment (stirring/temperature)


Model the conclusionsfor the chn


Chn predict, plan andcarry out the experiment using averages, line graphs and discussanomalous results in their conclusion which is based on scientificknowledge TEACHER






Water at difftemperatures



Chn predict, plan andcarry out the experiment drawing conclusions bank ofresults/record in a bar chart

Lower attainers &SEN

Chn predict, plan andcarry out the experiment drawing conclusions bank ofresults/record in a bar chart

Cloze text forconclusion


To understand thatchanges happen when materials are mixed together, and that thesechanges cannot be reversed easily

To observe anirreversible change

Thought shower ideasso far- recap the idea of salt water being a reversible change.Discuss changes that cannot be reversed chn work together tocreate plaster of paris (can be used for display whenset)

Chn describe whatthey did what happened

Show chn addingvinegar/baking soda and liver salts to water. Discuss the gas beingproduced. Espresso science clips creating gases


Chn write own accountof experiment making sound use of scientific language

Chn classify whichare reversible and irreversible changes




Andrews liversalts


Bicarbonate ofsoda


Chn write own accountof experiment making use of scientific language word bankTA

Lower ability &SEN

Chn draw diagrams andwrite their observations TEACHER


To observe howheating can cause an irreversible change

To observe howcooling can cause a reversible change



Break an egg pretend to drop a hard-boiled egg and discuss how it has changed repeat with a potato. Can these changes be reversed?

Demonstrate to thechn a number of reversible changes brought about by cooling andirreversible ones by heating.


Readextract from Chemical Chaos by Nick Arnold p142-143


Chn research theirown list of reversible and irreversible changes

SAT stylequestions



Pics of changes onPowerPoint



Chn classifyreversible and irreversible changes

Lower ability &SEN

Chn classifyreversible and irreversible changes


To know that burningbrings about changes that are irreversible


Chnthought shower as many reversible and irreversible changes as theycan against the timer

Pretendto set splint alight by accident can this be reversed? Recapchemical and physical reaction. What did the chn just see? Hasthere been a change? What is the change? What is the new materialthat has been made? Can it be reversed?


Carousel ofactivities


1.      Pictures of itemsburning

2.     Video clip ofburning

3.     Candle burning(teacher demonstration

4.     Earlier teacherdemonstration


Chn to recordon a chart what they observe in terms of what they notice when itburns; new materials; reversible/irreversible reaction

Recap and discussobservations




Pictures of burntitems


To investigate howthe content of soil affects its drainage

Discuss the differenttype of soil ask chn to collect from school field (alreadyplaced)

Discuss how thecontent of the soil can affect how fast the water can drainaway


Chn completeexperiment to test the drainage of each type of soil


Chn record theexperiment and use accurate scientific vocabulary to explain theresults

Ext researchexamples of different types of soil

Discuss recentproblems in the news about flooding look at pictures of landwhere the water has not drained away. Can the chn predict the soilcontent from their own knowledge gained in class?

Sandy soilsample

Other soil


Chn record theexperiment and use scientific vocabulary to explain the results diagram frame/vocabulary

Lower attainers &SEN

Chn complete thediagram of the experiment and explain the results of theexperiment








Evaluate and assessthe chns knowledge of Materials topic Assessments to informfuture revision of the topic







Recognise that solids remain in the solution when they dissolve andcan be recovered by evaporation; recognise that there is a limit tohow much solid will dissolve in a liquid; identify several factorsthat affect the rate at which a solid dissolves; investigate anaspect of dissolving, presenting results obtained in a suitablegraph and explaining what the results show


Recognise that a solid can be recovered from a solution byevaporation; with help, investigate an aspect of dissolving andpresent results in a suitable table


Present results in a line graph where appropriate and explain whyit is important to repeat measurements

Reversibleand irreversible changes


Changes as reversible or irreversible and recognise thatirreversible changes make new materials; ensure that the test isfair by using the same size of candle each time and making surethat the jam jar is full of air before each test; take severalreadings for each size of container and use the median or obtainthe average to improve accuracy make suggestions as to how theexperiment could be improved, for example measure the time taken anumber of times and use the median'


Identify whether simple changes (for example, freezing of water,baking of clay) are reversible or not make suggestions as to howthe investigation should be organised, for example 'put a jar overthe candle and time how long it burns'; measure the time accuratelyusing a stopwatch; produce a bar chart to show the time the candleburned for each type of jam jar; identify a simple pattern in theirresults, for example 'the larger the jam jar the longer the candleburned'.


Explain how careful observation can be used to identify a change asirreversible, for example from the production of a gas; make asupported prediction such as 'the more air in the jar the longerthe candle will burn because the candle needs oxygen to burn'; makea conclusion using scientific knowledge and understanding, forexample 'the candle burnt for the longest time in the biggest jarbecause there was more air'.